Watford Jackson, PLLC.

101 Avenue of the Americas, 9th Floor New York, NY 10013

24/7 365 DAYS A YEAR

WE PRACTICE IN STATE & FEDERAL COURT

Legal Tip Of The Day


Tip: 25th Amendment? (What’s That?)

1. Procedure for Removing President
2. Ratified in ‘67 (Never Used for Removal)
3. VP & Majority of Cabinet Must Declare President Unfit
4. “Unfit” Not Defined
5. 67% of House (291) & Senate (67) Must Ultimately Approve


Tip: Indictment (What’s that Mean?)

1. Contains “ACCUSATIONS” of Criminal Conduct
2. Voted on by a Panel (Grand Jury: Majority)
3. Panel Finds Reason to Believe a Crime Committed
4. And that YOU Committed that Crime
5. Must be Proven at Trial – Unless Guilty Plea


Tip: Prior Inconsistent Statements

1. Person 1st Claims they had No Clue
2. They Then Claim they Knew All Along
3. They Then Say Something Completely Different
4. Which Version is True?
5. Jury Allowed to Apply it to Credibility


Tip: Why a Judge Would Sequester a Jury

1. Isolates them from Trial Publicity
2. Less Likelihood of Public Influence
3. Prevents Access to Media Coverage & Chatter
4. Forces Focus on Facts & Evidence Inside Courtroom
5. Prevents Tampering & Interference


Tip: Is Hate Speech Permitted? (Yes)

1. 1st Amendment Allows the Spewing of Hate
2. Can Express Hateful Thoughts & Opinions
3. Can Even Burn the American Flag
4. Cannot Defame Someone
5. Cannot Incite Immediate Lawlessness


Tip: Self Defense (Without Stand Your Ground)

1. Applies to About 1/2 the Country
2. Can Still Defend Against Immediate Threat
3. Force Used Must be Equivalent to Threat
4. Duty to Retreat
5. Must Act Reasonably


Tip: Self Defense (Stand Your Ground)

1. Can Defend Yourself Against Immediate Threat
2. Must be in Reasonable Fear of Safety
3. Deadly Force Permitted
4. No Duty to Retreat
5. Can’t be Prosecuted or Sued


Tip: Criminal v. Civil Case‬

1. Criminal: Fight for Freedom
2. Civil: Fight for Money
3. Standard of Proof Differs
4. Civil: Party Held Liability
5. Criminal: Defendant Found Guilty


Tip: Bench v. Jury Trial‬

1. Bench Trial: Judge Decides
2. Jury Trial: Jury Reaches Verdict
3. Jury ALWAYS Decides Facts
4. Judge Decides All Facts (And Law)
5. Decision in Hands of Judge v. Jury


Tip: Statute of Limitations

1. Time Limit to Pursue Case
2. If Limit Not Met, Case Closed
3. Memories Fade
4. Evidence Gets Stale
5. People Entitled to Finality


Tip: Beyond a Reasonable Doubt

1. Not Beyond All & Every Doubt
2. Not a Mathematical Certainly
3. Enough to Give You Pause
4. The Doubt is Real
5. The Evidence is Insufficient


Tip: What is Hearsay

1. Someone Tells You‬
2. ‪What Someone Told Them‬
3. ‪You Weren’t Present ‬
4. ‪So You Can’t Personally Verify‬
5. ‪Making it Unreliable ‬


Tip: No Credibility ‬‬

1. Can’t Recall Basic Info
2. Attempt to Justify & Explain
3. Give Evasive Answers
4. Contradict Themselves
5. Explanations Make No Sense


Tip: Due Process‬

1. Fairness in Treatment
2. Given Notice of Court Dates
3. Ability to Appear before Judge
4. Opportunity to be Heard
5. Chance to Defend


Tip: U.S. Supreme Court‬

1. Created in 1789 (229 years ago)
2. 17 Chief Justices since
3. Only 1 former U.S. Pres. served (Taft)
4. Conservatives could rule (6 to 9)
5. Constitutional Rights likely to be Reshaped


Tip: Sobriety Checkpoints

1. Don’t Drink & Drive
2. Pick Designated Driver
3. Checkpoints not allowed in 10 States
4. Police must follow preset rules
5. Call Cab, Uber, Lift or a Friend


Tip: Traffic Stops

1. Show License, Registration & Insurance
2. Make NO Sudden Movements
3. Follow Officers Instructions
4. Comply Now, Grieve Later
5. Be Polite & Courteous


Tip: Road Rage

1. Do NOT Engage or Retaliate
2. Do NOT Flip the Bird
3. DO Let Driver Pass
4. DO Call 911 — If in Danger
5. DO Ignore & Disregard


Tip: Happy 4th‬ of July

1. Enjoy the day off, if lucky
2. Spend time w/ loved ones
3. Watch the fireworks
4. Celebrate America’s Independence
5. Barbecue, drinks optional


Tip: Car Accident‬

1. Make sure everyone is ok
2. Call 911 for police & medical help
3. Get out of harm’s way, but don’t leave the scene
4. Exchange information
5. Notify insurer


 Watford Jackson, PLLC

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1-855-WAT-JACK
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